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Demonstrate your knowledge and understanding of anatomy and physiology.

Every day, we hear news stories about exciting and important discoveries in research that potentially have direct applications in the medical world. However, as exciting and important as these stories may seem, they are often misrepresented or misunderstood by the media, the public, the communication experts (public relations/media departments) and even by researchers and members of the medical community.
In your case study assignment, you are asked to evaluate a media article that reports on a scientific or medical discovery. Your first task is to review the news story carefully. Then review the published journal article that is related to the news story.
After reviewing both articles, formulate a discussion that addresses a series of questions (below). Please write your discussion as a focused and properly structured response and avoid a simple questionanswer style report. Many of the questions do not necessarily have a single correct answer. You are expected to justify your argument based on available and credible scientific evidence.
For this assignment, you have a maximum twopage limit (not including references and other supporting material). Your discussion can be either single or double spaced however, remember that formatting is key. Put yourself in the position of the reviewer/marker and consider how easy or difficult it may be for someone to read your discussion. Ease of reading includes not only format but also grammar and writing style.
Choose one article from the list below. Find the related published scientific paper (ATTACHED)
https://www.nytimes.com/2017/05/10/health/brain-defect-gut-bacteria- microbiome.html?actionclick&contentCollectionWell&moduleRelatedCoverage®ionEndOfArticl e&pgtypearticle

Review the article and then the paper and formulate your discussion using the guideline below.
Case study designed by G Ferguson, P Fernando & I. McKinnell Carleton University.
In your discussion, consider the following points (not in any specific order).
NOTE: Pay particular attention to #4 this should be the central point of your discussion.
1. Which news article are you discussing? In which journal was the original article published? Who are the authors? What is their funding source? Are they credible in the field? Have they published on a related topic or in the field before? Have a close look at the last or senior authors listed in the article.
2. In your own words, briefly summarize the scientific paper and its potential impact.
3. What is the main emphasis or driving point of the news article? How does this compare to the main
emphasis of the research article? What are the main differences?
4. What anatomical/physiological/organ system does the research concern? Demonstrate your understanding of the anatomy/physiology by describing how the A/P relate to the topic discussed and the application emphasized in the news article.
5. What discrepancies (major or minor) are there between the news article and the research article?
6. What conclusions are stated in the news article? Are they consistent with the conclusions stated in the research article? How so? What other evidence (aside from the news and research article) can you find to support these conclusions?
7. What are some limitations of the research article? What improvements can you suggest to improve the study?
8. What are the repercussions of reporting this research in the news? Consider the population that would take an interest in such a story. In other words, aside from the general readership, what target audience would the article draw the attention of? How do you think they might respond? What actions might they take?
Case study designed by G Ferguson, P Fernando & I. McKinnell Carleton University.

Marking Guidelines:
The following are a series of guidelines to help formulate your discussion. You do not have to follow the order as listed. It is up to you to generate something thoughtful and coherent. It is also your responsibility to communicate those thoughts effectively (refer to the last guideline in the table). Maximum marks for each criterion are indicated on the right.
Build a case for your discussion /15
Have a brief yet sufficient summary of the research article written in original words (not from the news article), and by highlighting key authors of the research article and their credibility in the field. Credibility should be linked back to the news article and its main subject.
Demonstrate your knowledge and understanding of anatomy and physiology /35
Describe the anatomy/physiology and relevant system(s) in detail, in such a way that would allow a reader to easily understand the news and research article. Contain sufficient background information, details of key results and their meaning (do not use a lot of jargon and scientific terminology, but pertinent scientific terms that are relevant to the discussion should be clearly described).
Compare the main conclusions of the news article and research article /15
The accuracy of thee conclusions should be considered and supplemented with supporting evidence if possible. Discusses the underlying theme/main point of the news article in sufficient detail and relates this back to the research article. Includes a discussion on important differences between the news article and the research article with sufficient detail.
Use supporting evidence to enhance the discussion /15
The supporting evidence provided should be relevant, used conservatively and add value to the discussion by considering a variety of interpretations.
Consider future directions of the research article /10
Discuss the potential social impact of the news article and compare this against the results presented in the research article.
Demonstrate creativity and thought in synthesizing the discussion /10
Do not simply present a mere list of responses. The layout should be logical, easy to read and flow well. The writing should be free of grammatical errors.

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