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3 Day lesson:Natural Selection: What does survival of the fittest mean? What does it mean to be fit? How does natural selection affect evolution?

FINAL PROJECT GUIDELINES & RESOURCES
GUIDELINES
The Final Project is an instructional sequence consisting of a minimum of three lessons that requires students to analyze and interpret data. The activity must be related to thisSeminars on Sciencecourse and approved by your instructor. We encourage you to plan lessons that are appropriate for your current or anticipated educational setting. In addition to these guidelines, please refer toFinal Project rubricto inform the development of your lessons. You can download these guidelines as a Word document for your convenience byclicking here.
Choose one data-driven activity from the course (or get instructor approval for an activity that you have found or developed). Provide a detailed sequence oflessonsthat you would use to teach this activity. There must be three stages to the instructional sequence: 1) preparation and engagement; 2) student data analysis (possibly collection of data as well but sets of data available from scientists may be used); 3) and meaning making. At least one lesson must be devoted to each stage. Some stages may take more than one class period.
There are three milestones for this assignment.
1. Milestone One: In the 3rd week of the course you will present your initial ideas and get approval of your topic through the Final Project Discussion. Your instructor will give you feedback through this forum and we encourage you to discuss project ideas with other members of the class.
2. Milestone Two: By the end of the 5th week you will submit a draft of your project.
3. Milestone Three: Your instructor will provide feedback on your project draft. Complete your project using this feedback. Final projects must be submitted by the end of the 7th week of the course.
Only work submitted through the course assignment interface will be graded. Links to other sites (Google Drive, Dropbox, etc.) will not be graded. A maximum of 4 files (10 MB total) can be uploaded. Only .doc, .docx, .pdf, .ppt, or .pptx files are accepted.
The following components are required and correspond to items in theFinal Project rubric. A list of selected resourcesis available to provide background on pedagogical principles and lesson planning logistics at the bottom of this document. Anexample projectis also available as a reference.
FINAL PROJECT COMPONENTS
OVERVIEW INFORMATION
Introduction and Central Focus
TheIntroduction will frame your sequence of lessons by briefly describing the topics that will be addressed and their connection to the course content. The Introduction is an opportunity to demonstrate your understanding of course content that may be referenced but not explained fully in the lessons that follow. This section will also include the central focus of your lessons by detailing the concepts and essential questions that will be explored in the learning sequence.
Define Learners
Grade Level: Elementary, middle school, high school, college, adult learners, high school science teachers or museum educators.
Population Characteristics: describe the characteristics of the learners. What are the the characteristics of the learners that will influence your planning? Consider (but do not limit your discussion to) reading level and science background, as well as other special needs.
Content Standards
ListoneDisciplinary Core Idea from theNext Generation Science Standardsor applicable state or local content standards. Include connections to Common Core reading, writing, or math standards if applicable or use your local literacy and/or math standards.Limiting lessons to one main content standard allows you to develop lessons that promote deep exploration of the content that incorporates the building of data analysis and interpretation skills. If using one standard limits your specific lesson sequence, please work with your instructor to identify a set of appropriate standards.
Curricular Fit
Describe how this lesson sequence will fit into the rest of the curriculum. Include topics that will be taught before and after, and describe knowledge and skills that you expect your students to have acquired prior to these lessons.
Learning Objectives
What are the main concepts, skills, behaviors, values, attitudes, etc. you want students to get from the lessons? Learning objectives must be measureable goals stated in terms of what students will be able to do after completing the lessons. Learning objectives must be aligned with both instruction and assessments.
Materials/Resources Needed
List instructional materials used in lesson. Include worksheets and PDFs of slide presentations if applicable.
LESSON SCOPE AND SEQUENCE
Describe the lesson components in the order in which they will occur. Include: what the teacher will do, what students will do, timing for each component, opportunities to monitor student progress (formative assessments), and how students will be grouped. A sample lesson template is included below. It is not required. You may use any format you choose as long as all the elements listed above are included.
Part 1(minimum of one class period, but may be more if needed): Introduces students to the topic and provides both teachers and students an opportunity to uncover misconceptions. Activates prior knowledge and makes connections between past and present learning experiences. This activity should set the stage for Part 2 by helping students understand the context for the data activity that will follow and raising their curiosity about the exploration.
Part 2(minimum of one class period, but may be more if needed): Students engage in a data-based activity that is student-centered, not teacher-directed. Students may collect their own data from their own experiment or field experience, from computer simulations, or use data sets collected by others (e.g., scientists). Students will use the data tocome up with their own explanationsof the phenomena underinvestigation.
Part 3(minimum of one class period, but may be more if needed): Students finish making meaning of the data and, with guidance from the teacher, construct scientifically accurate explanations for the phenomena under investigation. Students produce at least one product that demonstrates their acquisition of science content and skills.
Differentiation
Describe how activities will be differentiated for varied learning styles, language abilities, and reading levels. Activities should provide multiple access points and accommodations for students with disabilities and different ability levels.
FINAL ASSESSMENT
Describe how you will determine if students have met the learning objectives. Identify a product of student work that you will use to measure student understanding and skill acquisition. We encourage you to use a product of the lesson such as a project or summative assignment instead of a test. We also encourage you to include a rubric that you will use to assess your students.
CITE REFERENCES
Cite all of the sources that you used in the development of your project.

CONCLUSION
What are your final thoughts about the project? What potential challenges will you face in teaching these lessons? How well will this unit fit into what you currently teach (or anticipate teaching in the future)?
OPTIONAL PLANNING TEMPLATE
This lesson planning template is a suggested format. You may use other formats with which you are familiar as long as you include all of the required elements. Make a new copy of this template for each part of the Scope and Sequence. The Activity and Formative Assessment section can be repeated as many times as necessary for each lesson. You may find it easier to work with this template as a word document. As a reminder, you can download these guidelines (which includes the template) as a Word document byclicking here.

Timing
Lesson Components
What the Student Does
What the Teacher Does

Beginning of Lesson

Activity and Formative Assessment

Activity and Formative Assessment

End of Lesson/Wrap Up

RESOURCES
Lesson Planning
Teaching Channel:New Teacher Survival Guide: Lesson Planning
Group Work
Analyzing data in small groups
Tips for making group work manageable
Standards
Next Generation Science Standards:This is a page with links to introductory information about the standards.
NGSS Disciplinary Core Ideas
Common Core Literacy and Math Standards
Learning Objectives
Tips for writing clear learning objectives.Written for Marshall University Medical School but this framework can be applied to all lessons.
Differentiating Instruction
Teaching Channel: New Teacher Survival Guide:Differentiating Instruction
Teaching Chanel:Differentiation Strategies
Short summary article by Cathy Weselby of Concordia University
Edutopia Resource Roundup
Chapter on Differentiated Instruction by Carol Tomlinson
InFundamentals of Gifted Education: Considering Multiple Perspectives
edited by Carolyn M. Callahan, Holly L. Hertberg-Davis (2013)
Culturally Responsive Teaching
A Framework for Culturally Responsive Teaching
byRaymond J. Wlodkowski and Margery B. Ginsberg
Assessment
From the National Association of Geoscience Teachers: The examples are from geoscience but the basic principles will apply to all science assessments.
Rubistaris a free website that has rubric templates. It requires a user to set up an account.

Topic and Lab: Georgia High School
Natural Selection: What does survival of the fittest mean? What does it mean to be fit? How does natural selection affect evolution?
Potential Ideas: that lab has to be used.
Day 1
Warm up- what does it mean to be fit?
Discussion
Intro to Natural Selection
Notes /handout and video

Day 2
Natural Selection lab
Peppered moth lab/ data collection- https://students.ga.desire2learn.com/d2l/lor/viewer/viewFile.d2lfile/1798/12865/evolution9.html
Create lab questions
Analyze and interpret data
Complete lab questions
Discussion what does it mean to be fit?

Day 3
Warm up- what does it mean to be fit
Short video on evolution
Discussion on evolution
Passage on evolution
How would natural selection affect evolution of a species?

Possible resource
https://betterlesson.com/lesson/636537/natural-selection-survival-of-the-fittest

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